Over the years Lincoln s mythic stature has only grown, and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest presidents in the nation s history. Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County,; The following year, he moved to the newly named state capital of Springfield. Published widely, the Gettysburg Address eloquently expressed the war’s purpose, harking back to the Founding Fathers, the Declaration of Independence and the pursuit of human equality. Like his Whig heroes, and, Lincoln opposed the spread of slavery to the territories, and had a grand vision of the expanding United States, with a focus on commerce and cities rather than agriculture. The war years were difficult for Abraham Lincoln and his family. Start your today. 2017, A E Television Networks, LLC. His Emancipation Proclamation, issued in 1863, freed all slaves in the rebellious states and paved the way for slavery s eventual abolition, while his Gettysburg Address later that year stands as one of the most famous and influential pieces of oratory in American history. After his young son Willie died of typhoid fever in 1862, the emotionally fragile Mary Lincoln, widely unpopular for her frivolity and spendthrift ways, held seances in the White House in the hopes of communicating with him, earning her even more derision. Lincoln taught himself law, passing the bar examination in 1836.
Contrary to expectations, Lincoln proved to be a shrewd military strategist and a savvy leader during what became the costliest conflict ever fought on American soil. Though he lost the election, Lincoln’s performance made his reputation nationally. In April 1865, with the Union on the brink of victory, Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed by the Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth; Lincoln was carried to a boardinghouse across the street from the theater, but he never regained consciousness, and died in the early morning hours of April 15.
Access hundreds of hours of historical video, commercial free, with. His untimely death made him a martyr to the cause of liberty and Union. Promising not to seek reelection, he returned to Springfield in 1849. Lincoln’s formal schooling was limited to three brief periods in local schools, as he had to work constantly to support his family. He surprised many by proving to be a more than capable wartime leader, learning quickly about strategy and tactics in the early years of the Civil War, and about choosing the ablest commanders. Hopes for a quick Union victory were dashed by defeat in the Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), and Lincoln called for 500,000 more troops as both sides settled in for a long conflict. While the Confederate leader was a West Point graduate, Mexican War hero and former secretary of war, Lincoln had only a brief and undistinguished period of service in the Black Hawk War (1832) to his credit. General George Meade missed the opportunity to deliver a final blow against Lee’s army at Gettysburg, and Lincoln would turn by early 1864 to the victor at Vicksburg,, as supreme commander of the Union forces. In November 1863, Lincoln delivered a brief speech (just 272 words) at the dedication ceremony for the new national cemetery at Gettysburg. General, though beloved by his troops, continually frustrated Lincoln with his reluctance to advance, and when McClellan failed to pursue Robert E. It became the most famous speech of Lincoln’s presidency, and one of the most widely quoted speeches in history. In 1864, Lincoln faced a tough reelection battle against the Democratic nominee, the former Union General George McClellan, but Union victories in battle (especially William T. Article Details: History. com StaffHistory. comAbraham Lincoln 04, 2017A+E NetworksAbraham Lincoln, a self-taught Illinois lawyer and legislator with a reputation as an eloquent opponent of slavery, shocked many when he overcame several more prominent contenders to win the Republican Party s nomination for president in 1860. On October 16, 1854, Lincoln went before a large crowd in Peoria to debate the merits of the Kansas-Nebraska Act with Douglas, denouncing slavery and its extension and calling the institution a violation of the most basic tenets of the. With the Whig Party in ruins, Lincoln joined the new Republican Party–formed largely in opposition to slavery’s extension into the territories–in 1858 and ran for the Senate again that year (he had campaigned unsuccessfully for the seat in 1855 as well). Southern Democrats had nominated John C. All Rights Reserved. You will soon receive an activation email.
Please try again later. After settling in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where he worked as a shopkeeper and a postmaster, Lincoln became involved in local politics as a supporter of the, winning election to the Illinois state legislature in 1834. As a congressman, Lincoln was unpopular with Illinois voters for his strong stance against the U. S. If you changed your mind. If you completed your subscription and still have not received an email. We encountered some problems submitting your request. If you do not receive this email. Though Lincoln once maintained that his “paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy slavery, ” he nonetheless came to regard emancipation as one of his greatest achievements, and would argue for the passage of a constitutional amendment outlawing slavery (eventually passed as the 13th Amendment after his death in 1865). Two important Union victories in July 1863–at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Gettysburg, Pennsylvania–finally turned the tide of the war. House of Representatives in 1846 and began serving his term the following year. In his second inaugural address, delivered on March 4, 1865, Lincoln addressed the need to reconstruct the South and rebuild the Union: “With malice toward none; Tragically, Lincoln would not live to help carry out his vision of. In 1830, his family moved to Macon County in southern, and Lincoln got a job working on a river flatboat hauling freight down the River to. Seward of New York and other powerful contenders in favor of the rangy Illinois lawyer with only one undistinguished congressional term under his belt. In the general election, Lincoln again faced Douglas, who represented the northern Democrats; In June, Lincoln delivered his now-famous “house divided” speech, in which he quoted from the Gospels to illustrate his belief that “this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. ” Lincoln then squared off against Douglas in a series of famous debates; On the night of April 14, the actor and Confederate sympathizer slipped into the president’s box at Ford’s Theatre in and shot him point-blank in the back of the head. After years of sectional tensions, the election of an antislavery northerner as the 16th president of the United States drove many southerners over the brink, and by the time Lincoln was inaugurated in March 1861 seven southern states had seceded from the Union and formed the. Douglas, a leading Democrat in Congress, had pushed through the passage of the Act (1854), which declared that the voters of each territory, rather than the federal government, had the right to decide whether the territory should be slave or free. War with. He met Mary Todd, a well-to-do Kentucky belle with many suitors (including Lincoln’s future political rival, Stephen Douglas), and they married in 1842. Lincoln won election to the U. S.
After Lincoln ordered a fleet of Union ships to supply South Carolina’s in April, the Confederates fired on both the fort and the Union fleet, beginning the Civil War. His election that November pushed several Southern states to secede by the time of his inauguration in March 1861, and the Civil War began barely a month later. His profile rose even higher in early 1860, after he delivered another rousing speech at City’s Cooper Union. To ensure delivery to your inbox. This email address has previously opted out from receiving any emails from HISTORY and/or A+E Networks. With Breckenridge and Bell splitting the vote in the South, Lincoln won most of the North and carried the. That May, Republicans chose Lincoln as their candidate for president, passing over Senator William H. Essays on abraham lincoln assassination. Breckenridge of Kentucky, while John Bell ran for the brand new Constitutional Union Party. Sherman’s capture of Atlanta in September) swung many votes the president’s way. For the next few years, he worked there as a lawyer, earning a reputation as “Honest Abe” and serving clients ranging from individual residents of small towns to national railroad lines. Lee’s retreating Confederate Army in the aftermath of the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln removed him from command. His family moved to southern in 1816. Once you click on the link, you will be added to our list. With charity for all. ”As Sherman marched triumphantly northward through the Carolinas, Lee surrendered to Grant at on April 9. Union victory was near, and Lincoln gave a speech on the lawn on April 11, urging his audience to welcome the southern states back into the fold. Events conspired to push him back into national politics, however: During the war, Lincoln drew criticism for suspending some civil liberties, including the right of habeas corpus, but he considered such measures necessary to win the war. Shortly after the (Sharpsburg), Lincoln issued a preliminary, which took effect on January 1, 1863, and freed all of the slaves in the rebellious states but left those in the border states (loyal to the Union) in bondage.