Bogus research papers

In his view, there is little evidence that open-access publishers — which charge fees to publish manuscripts — necessarily have less stringent peer review than subscription publishers. Labbé adds that the nonsense papers were easy to detect using his tools, much like the plagiarism checkers that many publishers already employ. SCIgen’s output has occasionally popped up at conferences, when researchers have submitted nonsense papers and then revealed the trick. Labbé does not know why the papers were submitted — or even if the authors were aware of them. Sixteen appeared in publications by Springer, which is headquartered in Heidelberg, Germany, and more than 100 were published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), based in New York. The relevant conference proceedings were peer reviewed, she confirms — making it more mystifying that the papers were accepted. The IEEE would not say, however, whether it had contacted the authors or editors of the suspected SCIgen papers, or whether submissions for the relevant conferences were supposed to be peer reviewed. “We continue to follow strict governance guidelines for evaluating IEEE conferences and publications, ” Stickel said. Labbé is no stranger to fake studies. But because he could not automatically download all papers from the subscription databases, he cannot be sure that he has spotted every SCIgen-generated paper. This article was updated on 25 February to include the response from one of the named authors of the nonsense paper. Labbé, C. & Labbé, D. He said that he first learned of the article when conference organizers notified his university in December 2013; Smart borders;

Most of the conferences took place in China, and most of the fake papers have authors with Chinese affiliations. One editor said that he did not work as a program chair at a particular conference, even though he was named as doing so, and another author claimed his paper was submitted on purpose to test out a conference, but did not respond on follow-up. Nature has not heard anything from a few enquiries.  “I wasn’t aware of the scale of the problem, but I knew it definitely happens. We do get occasional e-mails from good citizens letting us know where SCIgen papers show up, ” says Jeremy Stribling, who co-wrote SCIgen when he was at MIT and now works at VMware, a software company in Palo Alto, California. “The papers are quite easy to spot, ” says Labbé, who has built a where users can test whether papers have been created using SCIgen. And climate migration. DUKE-NUS Medical schoolInstitute for Basic ScienceMass General for Children at North Shore Medical Center (NSMC)EUROPAH Marie Skłodowska-Curie ITNOslo University Hospital SCIgen was invented in 2005 by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge to prove that conferences would accept meaningless papers — and, as they put it, “to maximize amusement” (see ‘ ’). In April 2010, he used SCIgen to generate 102 fake papers by a fictional author called Ike Antkare [see ]. Monika Stickel, director of corporate communications at IEEE, says that the publisher “took immediate action to remove the papers” and “refined our processes to prevent papers not meeting our standards from being published in the future”. A methodology for the construction of e-commerce’, write in the abstract that they “concentrate our efforts on disproving that spreadsheets can be made knowledge-based, empathic, and compact”. ( Nature News has attempted to contact the conference organizers and named authors of the paper but received no reply*; J. Sci.

Inform. Labbé has emailed editors and authors named in many of the papers and related conferences but received scant replies; His detection technique, described in a study published in Scientometrics in 2012, involves searching for characteristic vocabulary generated by SCIgen. Last week, those were also taken down, but the web pages for the removed articles give no explanation for their absence. Ruth Francis, UK head of communications at Springer, says that the company has contacted editors, and is trying to contact authors, about the issues surrounding the articles that are coming down. D., Robinson-García, N. & Torres-Salinas, D. One of the named authors replied to Nature News on 25 February. Scientometrics 94, 379 396 ( 2013 ). López-Cózar, E. However at least some of the names belong to real people. And that he does not know why he was a listed co-author on the paper. The matter is being looked into by the related investigators, he said. Labbé developed a way to automatically detect manuscripts composed by a piece of software called SCIgen, which randomly combines strings of words to produce fake computer-science papers. SCIgen is free to download and use, and it is unclear how many people have done so, or for what purposes.

Conference proceedings removed from subscription databases after scientist reveals that they were computer-generated. The publishers Springer and IEEE are removing more than 120 papers from their subscription services after a French researcher discovered that the works were computer-generated nonsense. Over the past two years, computer scientist Cyril Labbé of Joseph Fourier University in Grenoble, France, has catalogued computer-generated papers that made it into more than 30 published conference proceedings between 2008 and 2013. Both publishers, which were privately informed by Labbé, say that they are now removing the papers. Among the works were, for example, a paper published as a proceeding from the 2013 International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, held in Chengdu, China. (The conference website says that all manuscripts are “reviewed for merits and contents”. ) The authors of the paper, entitled ‘TIC: Shortly before that paper was published, Labbé informed the IEEE of 85 fake papers he had found. A related program generates random physics manuscript titles on the satirical website. Bogus research papers. Assoc. Last year, researchers at the University of Granada, Spain, added to Labbé’s work, boosting their own citation scores in Google Scholar by uploading six fake papers with long lists to their own previous work. Labbé says that the latest discovery is merely one symptom of a “spamming war started at the heart of science” in which researchers feel pressured to rush out papers to publish as much as possible. There is a long history of journalists and researchers getting spoof papers accepted in conferences or by journals to reveal weaknesses in academic quality controls — from a fake paper published by physicist Alan Sokal of New York University in the journal Social Text in 1996, to a sting operation by US reporter John Bohannon in 2013, in which he got more than 150 open-access journals to accept a deliberately flawed study for publication. Labbé emphasizes that the nonsense computer science papers all appeared in subscription offerings. Technol. 65, 446 454 ( 2014 ). 27 March 201315 June 200920 April 2005Displaced researchers face huge challenges making lives abroad, even if they find work. Nature 03 March 2017Nature 03 March 2017Nature 02 March 2017Nature 24 Feb 2017Nature 22 Feb 2017Nature 16 Feb 2017Nature 07 Feb 2017Nature 02 Feb 2017Nature 16 Feb 2017The best science news from Nature and beyond, direct to your inbox every day. Your browser does not support iframes. Artificial-intelligence programs harness game-theory strategies and deep learning to defeat human professionals in two-player hold'em. Researchers are cutting short travel, ending collaborations and rethinking their US ties. Genomic study of extinction in progress may offer insights for modern conservation. Researchers at Google's Quantum AI Laboratory set out investment opportunities on the road to the ultimate quantum machines. This week, a migration special: The IEEE has now removed the paper). *Update: Labbé showed how easy it was to add these fake papers to the Google Scholar database, boosting Ike Antkare’s h -index, a measure of published output, to 94 — at the time, making Antkare the world's 21st most highly cited scientist. In December 2013, Labbé informed the IEEE of another batch of apparent SCIgen articles he had found. A researcher seeks refuge;