The consultors were forty-three: The judges must be at least five consultors. The official announcements of the Commission are communicated to the Revue Biblique, which is not, however, the official organ of the Commission. (See Revue Biblique, 1905, p. 448. ) Decisions of the commission Four important decisions on disputed Biblical questions have been issued by the Commission: (1) On the occurrence in Scripture of implicit citations, i. e. We are not hindered from private study of the reasons on which they are based, and if some scholar should find solid arguments against a decision they should be set before the Commission.
Comments Sources For details about the Commission consult the Roman correspondence of The Tablet (London), 11 January, 15 November, 22 November, 1902; 7 February, 23 May, 1903; 12 March, 2 July, 19 November, 1904; Papers sent by consultors who live at a distance from are read at the meetings of the consultors, when relevant to the subject under discussion. Help support New Advent and . It belongs to the to propose the questions for the study of the Commission and they alone have a vote in determining the answers.
It was formally established by the Apostolic letter of, Vigilanti, 30 October, 1902. Authorship, however, need not imply that Moses wrote with his own hand or dictated all of it; CHOUPIN, Valeur des d cisions doctrinales et disciplinaires du S. -Si ge (Paris, 1907). The books may have been composed by secretaries to whom he suggested the thoughts and whose work he approved as principal and inspired author. After the meeting, the secretaries report to the Holy Father, who may ratify the decision or remand the question for further consideration. It is not lawful to question the historical character of books hitherto regarded as historical, unless in a case where the sense of the is not opposed and where, subject to her judgment, it is by solid arguments that the sacred writer did not intend to write history (23 June, 1905). (3) On the authorship of the. Method of procedure The Commission is constituted on the lines of an ordinary Roman Congregation. They may sanction or modify the judgments of the consultors, or send back the entire question for further study, or may commission one or other consultor to make a special report. The consultors in hold meetings twice a month, at which the secretaries preside. Quotations from uninspired documents which the sacred writer does not vouch for, though he does not expressly acknowledge them as quotations. There is no limitation to the number of consultors. Scope of the commission It is the of the Commission: (1) to protect and defend the integrity of the in Biblical matters; (2) to further the progress of exposition of the Sacred Books, taking account of all recent discoveries; (3) to decide controversies on grave questions which may arise among scholars; (4) to give answers to throughout the world who may consult the Commission; (5) to see that the Vatican Library is properly furnished with and books; (6) to publish studies on Scripture as occasion may demand. This has not been disproved by critical arguments. Degrees in Sacred Scripture On 23 February, 1904, empowered the Commission to confer the degrees of Licentiate and Doctor in the faculty of on who, having previously attained the doctorate in, should pass successful examinations, oral and written, in matter defined by the Commission. Such approval, when given in form
Schaefer (Vienna), Scheil, O. P. (Paris), Talamo (Rome), Vigouroux, P. S. S., First Secretary (Rome), and Weiss (Braunsberg). John wrote it. To the Commission has been entrusted the awarding of an annual prize, founded by Lord Braye, for the best essay on a Biblical topic. Lack of funds has made such an establishment impossible for the present, but the has not been abandoned. In April, 1907, the Commission, with the approval of the, invited the to undertake a collection of the variant readings of the as a remote preparation for a thoroughly amended edition. Communi, does not change the nature of the decisions as emanating from a Congregation or Commission, nor does it make them specifically pontifical acts; These decisions are not the opinions of a private assembly, but an official directive norm; Examinations have since been held twice a year, in June and November. Orat. (Genoa), Coriani (Milan), Chauvin (Laval), (Rome), Delattre, S. J. (Tronchiennes), Disterwald (Cologne), Esser, O. P. (Rome), Fillion, P. S. S. (Paris), Fleming, O. F. M. (England), Fracassini (Perugia), Genocchi, M. S. C. (Rome), Gismondi, S. J. (Rome), Gonfalonieri (Florence), Grannan (Washington), Gutberlet (Fulda), Hoberg (Freiburg im Br. ), H pfl (Rome), van Hoonacker (Louvain), von Hummelauer, S. J. (Valkenburg), Janssens, O. S. B., Second Secretary (Rome), Torio (Palencia), (Bonn), Lagrange, O. P. (Jerusalem), Lamy (Louvain), Legendre (Angers), L picier, S. M. (Rome), Lepidi, O. P. (Rome), Les tre (Paris), Mangenot (Paris), M chineau, S. J. (Rome), Mercati (Rome), Molini, O. F. M. (Rome), Nikel (Breslau), Poels (Washington), Prat, S. J. (Rome), B. For the authority of decisions, Nouvelle revue th ol. (Tournai), May, 1907; It is historically certain that St. Much less does it imply an exercise of the personal prerogative of. 1904 biblical essay. The results of their deliberations are presented by the secretaries to the, who also meet twice a month, on the second and fourth. Its decisions are approved by the and published by his command.
These may not be admitted unless by solid arguments (13 February, 1905). (2) On the historical character of certain narratives. Its official name is Commissio Pontificia de re biblic. To question them publicy would be lacking in respect and obedience to legitimate authority. It is consistent also with the use by Moses of documents, oral or written, and does not exclude the presence of such additions or imperfections in the present text as would leave it substantially and integrally the work of Moses (27 June, 1906). (4) On the authorship and historical character of the. All for only $19. 99. A committee of at who, with the assistance of consultors, have to secure the observance of the prescriptions contained in the Providentissimus Deus for the proper interpretation and defence of. In June, 1907, the Commission was made up of five, Rampolla,, Merry del Val, Segna, and Viven y Tuto. Amelli, O. S. B. (Rome), Balestri, O. S. A. (Rome), Bardenhewer (Munich), Cereseto, Cong. Hence they are not or unchangeable, though they must be received with obedience and interior assent, by which we judge that the proposed is safe and to be accepted because of the authority by which it is presented. For the English translation of the Letter Vigilanti, The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII (New York, 1903), 537; After the formal establishment two and twenty-eight consultors from various parts of the world were added to the first list. For the documents, Revue biblique (1903 and later); Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more The Gospel is an historical document, narrating the actual facts and speeches of life (29 May, 1907). It was the wish of that a periodical bulletin of Biblical studies should be published at, and a special Institute for higher Biblical studies established. Authority of its decisions The Commission though formed like a Congregation is not a Congregation but seemingly of lower rank.
Constitution The Commission was first appointed in August, 1901, with three members and twelve consultors.